(shab-BAHT) n. Shabbat; Sabbath; Day of rest. (Ex. 20:8). The Sabbath was set apart as a holy day (Gen. 2:3). The first festival of the Lord set apart as His appointed time (Lev. 23:3). Observed from sunset Friday evening to sunset Saturday evening, marked by rest, worship, and study. It is one of the Ten Commandments (Ex. 20:2-17; Deut. 5:6-21) The Sabbath is to be Kodesh or Holy (Ex. 20:9, 11b). The Sabbath is an everlasting covenant (Ex. 31:16-17). The Sabbath was not only commanded for Israel , but for everyone who chooses to partake in the same covenant (Isa. 56:6-7a). It was given to Jew and non-Jew for Oneg, joy or delight (Isa. 58:13). Oneg implies celebration, sharing time with loved ones, leisurely meals and relaxation. (Messianic Shabbat Siddur, Greenburg 1999)
Yeshua, our Messiah, honored this festival as found in Luke 4:16.
Challah bread is traditionally eaten on the Sabbath. Two challahs represent the double portion of manna gathered on the sixth day to provide food throughout the Sabbath.
CANDLE LIGHTING PRAYER:
Blessed are You O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who has sanctified us in Your Word, and given us Yeshua our Messiah, and commanded us to be a light to the world. Amen.
Ba-rooch ah-ta Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo meh-lech ha-oh-lahm, asher keed-sha-noo beed-va-reh-ch v’na-than la-noo et Yeshua m’she-chay-noo, v’tzee-va-noo l’he-oat oar la-oh-lahm. Ah-main.
THE BLESSING OVER THE BREAD:
Blessed are You O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who brings forth bread from the Earth. Amen.
Ba-rooch ah-ta Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo meh-lech ha-oh-lahm, ha-mo-tzee leh-chehm meen ha-ah-retz. Ah-main.
THE BLESSING OVER THE FRUIT OF THE VINE:
Blessed are You O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who creates the fruit of the vine. Amen.
Ba-rooch ah-ta Adonai, Eh-lo-hay-noo meh-lech ha-oh-lahm, bo-ray p’ree ha-ga-fen. Ah-main.